Culture of Purvanchal: Art, Heritage, Festivals and Traditions
Purvanchal has basically 4 divisions for culture and language, 1-Eastern-Awadhi in the west, 2- Western-Bhojpuri in the east, 3- Baghelkhand region in the south and 4- Nepal region in the north. Most of the part of Purvanchal is the plane area and it connects with western Bihar reason and has mixed cultures in this area.
Purvanchal, nestled in the east part of Uttar Pradesh, boasts a vibrant and wonderful cultural shade that charms all who come. Rich in traditions, song, and dance, Purvanchal showcases a unique mixture of Hindu and nearby customs. The place is famous for its colorful fairs, with the lively birthday party of Chhath Puja and the active performances of Raslila dance leaving an indelible mark on its cultural landscape.
Additionally, Purvanchal’s conventional artwork paperwork, consisting of Madhubani painting and terracotta craftsmanship, reflects the inventive finesse surpassed down thru generations. This cultural haven invites all to revel in its authenticity and include the allure of Purvanchal’s historical past. Due to the good agricultural land of this area, and high earthworm density, most people are involved in agriculture work for the survival of their families.
Art and Culture in Purvanchal
Varanasi (Benaras) is the hub of arts and crafts in Purvanchal. The major industries are silks and brocades with gold and silver threadwork, carpet weaving (a carpet-weaving center is at Bhadohi), Wooden toys, bangles made of glass, ivory work, perfumes, artistic brass and copper wares and a variety of handicrafts. The cantonment graveyard during the British Raj is now converted to Varanasi’s Arts and Crafts location.
Gorakhpur Terracotta is world famous and you will find some very interesting ones here. The Terracotta Town is about 9 to 17 km from Gorakhpur city. There are many villages famous for terracotta products.
Bhadohi, Shahjahanpur and Mirzapur are famous for their carpets. Carpet weaving is a major occupation here.
Music & Entertainment
One of the main features of Purvanchal culture is a tradition of folk songs and folk dances. Folk songs are also performed at various festivals during the year. The Kaharwa is sung at Deepawali, the Alha and the Kajari during the rainy and winter nights, and the fagua during Holi. One of the biggest parts of Purvanchal’s culture is the tradition of folk songs and folk dances. This is a very artistic realistic part of Gorakhpur’s culture. After a long day of work, they unwind by singing and dancing. They have different dances and songs for special occasions also. Folk songs are performed at different festivals and seasons during the year.
They sing the Kaharwa at Deepawali, the Alha, Kajri, and Barahmasi during the rainy and winter nights, and the fagua during Holi. The people of Purvanchal use the harmonium, dholak, manjira, mridang, thali, and nagara as musical instruments when they perform. Some of the most popular folk dances are saved for the special occasions of festivals, fairs, and marriages to celebrate.
As elsewhere in India, cinema is the most popular means of entertainment in Purvanchal. There are more than a hundred cinemas in the area with a combined capacity of six thousand seats. Documentaries and mobile cinemas cater to the rural areas of the state. Drama/Theatre and circus groups also visit the district. Dangal (wrestling matches), nautanki (indigenous open-air dramatic performances), bhajan and qawwali programmes, and mushaira are also arranged at different places from time to time. Ram Leela and Krishna Leela provide alternative entertainment
Also, Gorakhpur and Varanasi have recently become a hub of Bhojpuri films as Bhojpuri is widely spoken here due to its physical proximity to the state of Bihar. Many channels like Mahua Bhojpuri channel have opened their offices in Purvanchal and conduct talent hunt sessions. There is also a Bhojpuri film city in Purvanchal. However, now you may also find many local functions, fairs, and events are organized at different places from time to time, mostly during festivals.
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