Culture in Purvanchal

Purvanchal has basically 4 divisions for culture and language, 1-Estern-Awadhi in the west, 2- Western-Bhojpuri in the east, 3- Baghelkhand region in the south and 4- Nepal region in the north. Most of the part of purvanchal is the plane area and it connect with western Bihar reason and have mixed culture in this area.

Due to good agriculture land of this area, and high earthworm density mostly people are involved in the agriculture work as for servivals of families. in major part of purvanchal reason, Bhojpuri is the famous language to communicate, in spite of this hindi, awadhi and Baghelkhandi are also spoken fluently.

Major problem in this area are unemployement and commercial agriculture is not doing in this area.

Some points will define culture of purvanchal

Bhojpuri movies

Gorakhpur and Varanasi have recently became a hub of Bhojpuri films as bhojpuri is widely spoken here due to physical proximity with state of Bihar. Many channels like Mahua Bhojpuri channel have opened their offices in Purvanchal and conduct talent hunt sessions. There is also a bhojpuri flim city opened in the Purvanchal.


Traditional cuisine includes platters of Galawati and Kakori kababs in Oudh and fish. Wheat, rice, gram, maize, and pulses along with curd, milk, vegetables, ghee and vegetable oils, constitute the items of daily food, rice being the staple food of the people.Samosa is a popular cuisine in gorakhpur


Varanasi is the hub of arts and crafts, particularly silks and brocades with gold and silver threadwork, carpet weaving(a carpet-weaving centre is at Bhadoi), Wooden toys, bangles made of glass, ivory work, perfumes, artistic brass and copper wares and a variety of handicrafts.What was the cantonment grave yard in the past during British Raj is now the location of Varanasi’s Arts and Crafts.
Terracotta Town Situated at a distance of 9 to 17 km from Gorakhpur city, there are many villages, which are famous for terracotta products.


One of the main features of Purvanchal's culture is a tradition of folk-songs and folk-dances. Folk-songs are also performed at various festivals during the year. The kaharwa is sung at Deepawali, the Alha and the kajari during the rainy and winter nights, and the Phaag during Holi.One of the biggest part of purvanchal’s culture is the tradition of folk-songs and folk-dances. This is a very artistic vivid part of Gorakhpur’s culture. After a long day of work they unwind with singing and dancing. They have different dances and songs for special occasions also. Folk-songs are performed at different festivals and seasons during the year. They sing the kaharwa at Deepawali, the Alha, Kajri,k Barahmasi during the rainy and winter nights, and the Phaag during Holi. The people of purvanchal use the harmonium, dholak, manjira, mridung, nagara, thali, and nagara as musical instruments when they perform. Some of the most popular folk-dances is saved for the special occasion of festivals, fairs, and marriages to celebrate.


As elsewhere in India, cinema is most popular means of entertainment in purvanchal. There are more than hundred cinemas in the area with a combined capacity of six thousand seats. Documentaries and mobile cinema cater for the rural areas of the district. Dramatic societies and circuses also visit the district. Dangal (wrestling matches), nautanki (indigenous open-air dramatic performances), bhajan and qawwali programmes, and mushaira are also arranged at different places from time to time. Ramlila and Krishnalila provide alternative entertainment.